The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements
The Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements provides a complete coverage of the chemistry of a series of elements beginning with atomic number 104 – the transactinide or superheavy elements – including their production in nuclear reactions at heavy-ion accelerators. The contributors to this work include many renowned scientists who, during the last decade, have made vast contributions towards understanding the chemistry of these elusive elements, both experimentally and theoretically. The main emphasis here is on demonstrating the fascinating studies involved in probing the architecture of the periodic table at its uppermost end, where relativistic effects drastically influence chemical properties. All known chemical properties of these elements are described together with the experimental techniques applied to study these short-lived man-made elements one atom at a time. The status of theoretical chemistry and of empirical models is presented as well as aspects of nuclear physics. In addtition, one chapter outlines the meanderings in this field from a historical perspective. This book is a complete and up-to-date source for advanced chemistry students as well as for those who teach chemistry involving the superheavy elements.
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Theoretical Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements 31
Fundamental Aspects of Single Atom Chemistry
GasPhase Adsorption Chromatographic Determination 205
Acta actinide adsorbed adsorption adsorption enthalpy aerosol aqueous beam behavior Bohrium Bruchle calculations carrier gas cation-exchange Chem chemical properties chemical separation chemistry chloride complexes compounds concentration correlation cross section decay chains decrease detection detectors Dubna dubnium Eichler electronic element 112 elution energy enthalpy Equation experimental experiments extraction Figure formation fraction fusion Gaggeler gas chromatography Gregorich group-4 elements half-life halides Hassium heaviest elements heavy element Hoffman hydrolysis isotopes Jost Kadkhodayan Kratz Lett lighter homologues liquid-liquid extraction methods molecules neutron Nucl nuclear nuclei nuclides Nurmia observed on-line orbitals oxide hydroxides oxychlorides particles Periodic Table Pershina Phys predicted Radiochim recoil RECP relativistic effects resin rutherfordium Schadel Seaborg Seaborgium shell Shirokovsky single atom solutions species spontaneous fission stability studies superheavy elements surface synthesis target technique temperature thermochromatography transactinide elements transport Trautmann trend Türler values volatile Yakushev Zvara